Scm Agreement Wto Upsc

This agreement was one of the results of Uruguay`s round of negotiations, which came into force with the creation of the World Trade Organization on 1 January 1995. The agreement sets out the basic rules on food safety as well as standards for veterinary and plant health standards. It allows countries to set their own standards. But it is also said that regulation must be based on science. They should be applied only to the extent necessary to protect human, animal or plant life or health. And they should not be arbitrarily or unjustifiably discriminated against between countries with similar or identical conditions. There is little doubt that agricultural subsidies and aid should be controlled and better targeted. The WTO negotiations also claim to work in this direction, but the conflicting and selfish interests inherent in a small number of countries are too influential in the WTO. Each country has different requirements and an assortment of different products, so there is sufficient flexibility in each agreement. In addition, the right to food is a global movement and is guaranteed by many UN conventions.

Therefore, if the guarantee of food security is an internal concern of a nation, the international community can only give advice, but cannot upset other sovereign countries. That is why India must make its spending much more efficient, resist a dynamic policy and all external pressures that are diverted towards negative results for the Indian people. Given that the WTO is based on consensus, it is extremely difficult to reach agreement on reforms among the 164 members. One possibility that could move forward could be a multi-lateral agreement with a group of like-minded countries on a new set of rules that would complement the broader WTO. Given that we can see that the subsidies were tied to the 1986-88 level, there were inequalities at the beginning of the agreement. At the time, subsidies under “Amber Box” were historically high in Western countries. In developing countries, including India, these subsidies were very limited. Only now have subsidies reached this level under the pressure of inflation in terms of agricultural input prices and the large differences between market prices and the minimum support price. Indeed, industrialized countries are allowed to maintain much larger trade-distorting subsidies. India needs to improve its diplomatic capabilities. At the recent meeting in Nairobi, it was found that industrialized countries spoke unisono, but that there was no unity in developing countries.

Brazil, a prominent member of the WTO, has already separated from the G20/33 and aligned itself close to the position of industrialized countries; thanks to its globally competitive agricultural sector. At last year`s India-Africa Summit, India made serious efforts to achieve a common WTO agenda and was largely successful. However, there is a need for more common efforts to take advantage of the common platform of developing countries on all continents. The United States has been doing this for several years, and that is part of the reason why it remains the most powerful and subtle power in every negotiation. At the next ministerial meeting (Seattle), developed countries tried to upset developing countries on Singapore issues, but they were able to resist.